Meniscus is the C-shaped two pieces of cartilage located between thighbone and shin bone that act as shock absorbers and cushion the joints. Meniscus distributes the body weight uniformly across the joint and avoids the pressure on any one part of the joint and development of arthritis. Being the weight bearing part, meniscus is prone to wear and tear and meniscal tear is one of the common knee injuries. Meniscal tear may be developed by people of all ages and is more common in individuals who play contact sports.
On the pattern of tear, meniscal tear may be of different types such as longitudinal, parrot-beak, flap, bucket handle, and mixed/complex tear. Sudden twist, squat, or tackle may be the cause for meniscal tear in adults and ageing may cause the tear in elderly individuals. Meniscal tear may cause severe pain, stiffness and swelling, catching or locking of the knee, and may limit the movement. Meniscal tear is often diagnosed with the presenting symptoms and imaging techniques such as X-rays or magnetic resonance imaging scan.
Symptomatic and immediate treatment for meniscal tear is the R.I.C.E (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation) and use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications. Surgery is recommended in severe cases and may be performed using arthroscopic technique. Your surgeon may also order for rehabilitation program following the surgery for better and quicker recovery.
Meniscectomy Surgery is performed in a hospital operating room under general, regional, or local anesthesia.
The arthroscope is a small fiber-optic viewing instrument made up of a tiny lens, light source and video camera. The surgical instruments used in arthroscopic surgery are very small (only 3 or 4 mm in diameter), but appear much larger when viewed through an arthroscope.
The television camera attached to the arthroscope displays the image of the joint on a television screen, allowing the surgeon to look throughout the knee at cartilage and ligaments, and under the kneecap.
Then the surgeon makes two small incisions (about 1/4 of an inch), around the knee joint area. Each incision is called a portal. In one portal, the arthroscope is inserted to view the knee joint. Along with the arthroscope, a sterile solution is pumped into the joint which expands the viewing area, giving the surgeon a clear view and room to work. The other portal is used for the insertion of tiny surgical instruments.
With the images from the arthroscope as a guide, your surgeon can look at the menisci and confirm the type, location, and extent of the tear. Once your surgeon has located the meniscal tear, surgical scissors and shavers are inserted into the portals to remove the torn menisci.
Other Knee Treatments
- ACL Reconstruction (Patellar & Hamstring tendon)
- Arthroscopic Reconstruction of the Knee for LigamentInjuries
- Arthroscopic Debridement -Knee
- Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (ACI)
- Bicompartmental Knee Resurfacing
- Cartilage Replacement
- Cartilage Repair and Transplantation
- Computer Navigation for Total Knee Replacement
- Cortisone Injection
- Custom Knee Replacement Surgery
- Distal Realignment Procedures
- High Tibial Osteotomy
- Knee Arthroscopy
- Knee Implants
- Knee Ligament Reconstruction
- Knee Osteotomy
- LCL reconstruction
- Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction
- Meniscus Debridement
- Meniscus Repair
- Meniscal Surgery
- Osteoarthritis Management
- OATS (Osteochondral Autologous Transfer Surgery)
- Patellar Tendon Repair
- Partial Knee Replacement
- Partial Knee Resurfacing
- Partial Meniscectomy
- Patellofemoral Knee Replacement
- Physical examination of the knee
- PRP injection
- Posterior Cruciate Ligament Tear & Reconstruction
- Total Knee Arthroplasty
- Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy
- Total knee replacement
- Viscosupplementation Injection
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